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Arthroscopic knee surgery for ACL/PCL

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Knee arthroscopy is basically an invasive technique, which allows orthopedic surgeons to treat several problems related to the knee joint. During this process, the doctor has to make small incisions at the affected area or joint, then inserts a small camera as well as fiber optics, so that the internal space can be lightened up. Pictures are being taken with the help of the camera, and these images are being imposed on a big screen in the operation room.

Benefits Associated with Knee Arthroscopy

The first benefit associated with arthroscopy is that it allows the surgeon to see multiple views inside of the affected knee joint. The other advantage is that while following the arthroscopic procedure on a knee joint, lest possible damage is done to the soft tissues around. Arthroscopy is considered as one of the best available diagnostic tools by many of the surgeons.

ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament) Reconstruction

The anterior cruciate ligament, i.e., is considered as one of the most stable ligaments associated with the knee. It is basically a firm rope-like structure, which remains situated in the knee’s center, starting from the femur leading to the tibia. In any situation, when this particular ligament tears, it doesn’t get adequately healed, and it starts causing instability in the knee’s movement.

ACL reconstruction/regeneration is generally an operational procedure, and now it is being performed with the help of many advancements and innovations. Arthroscopic surgery proves to be affordable for the patients and also it involves a minimal incision, that’s why can be opted easily.

The treatment associated with ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament) comprises non-operative as well as operative methods, which include reconstruction of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament. Though, many times, some other related injuries that have ever done to the meniscus or any of the ligaments, affect the suggested choice of treatment; that’s why the patient is being properly diagnosed before recommending the procedure to him/her.

PCL (Posterior Cruciate Ligament) Reconstruction

PCL comes under one of the four major ligaments associated with the knee, and it situates at the back side of the knee. It is responsible for connecting the femur (thighbone) and the tibia (shinbone). After getting affected, the PCL restricts the shinbone’s backward movement.

PCL injuries rarely happen to the patients, and when it happens, it is challenging to inspect and detect in comparison to other knee ligament injuries. Patients suffering from Posterior Cruciate Ligament injuries generally experience severe knee pain as well as swelling just after the injury. This injury may be in relation to the instability associated with the knee joint. It also associates with knee stiffness, which in turn causes difficulty while walking.

The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is generally injured due to the direct impact caused by an accident or sudden twist, and overextension when the knee suddenly strikes something.

Injuries to the PCL are being graded as per the severity of the injury. In grade I, there is mild damage to the ligament, and it's slightly stretched. But the knee remains stable in the grade I. In grade II, ligament gets partially torn. And, In grade III, the ligament gets wholly damaged and is divided into two halves causing instability in the knee joint.

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