Knee joint is the largest and one of the most important joints of our body that provides stable support to the body. It allows bending and straightening of leg while walking, sitting, playing or dancing etc. It is made up of bone, cartilage, ligaments, muscles, tendons and fluid. Knee problem may occur due to damage or injury to any of these structures.
Knee problems are very common, and can occur in men, women, and children of all races and ethnic backgrounds. The major causes of knee problems include the following:
The symptoms of knee ailments depend upon the disorder and duration of symptoms (acute or chronic), But in majority of the cases, patient complains of the following problems associated with the knee joint:
These are just common symptoms but patient may have other symptoms too that should not be ignored as knee joint is one of the most important joint of our body. So anything that is not normal or is causing discomfort should be discussed with the doctor and treated accordingly.
The diagnosis of knee ailments starts with a complete medical history of the patient. It is also required to consider family history of joint pains as some of these disorders run in families. This is followed by thorough physical examination of the joint to find any visible signs and assess its level of activity. In addition ,some of these following diagnostic tests are almost always required to determine the cause for the disorder:
Treatment of knee problems specifically depends upon the cause and extent of disorder. It is required to first evaluate the damage that has already occurred and simultaneously start the treatment that would prevent further damage. Treatment may include some of the following: